The history of the Kreuzer ( on some coins written as Kreutzer ) belongs back in the 13th century.
The name goes back to an Austrian coin which was first made in 1271 AC. This coin has a double cross ( cross in german is ?Kreuz? ) on one side and the people start to call them Kreuzer.
During the 16th century, the Kreuzer made his way and was used in Austria, Switzerland and the southern part of Germany.
In the south german states, starting with the ?Reichsm?nzgesetz? ( regulation of currency ) from 1551, the Kreuzer was the official name for small silver money. At this time 72 Kreuzer wase 1 Goldgulden.
Due to the fact that Germany does not realy exist before 1871 ( there were lots of different states ) the value of the Kreuzer depends.
At the 17th century in most of the south german states the currency was:
8 Heller = 4 Pfennig = 1 Kreuzer
4 Kreuzer = 1 Batzen
In the other south german states which had the ?Gulden? as official currency it was:
249 Pfennig = 60 Kreuzer = 1 Gulden
The Kreuzer was used in Switzerland until 1850, in Austria until 1857 and in south Germany until 1871.
It was the most common coin in Bavaria in that time, that?s why you can find more Kreuzer than other coins of this period.
To get a feeling for the Kreuzer here some examples of costs and income between 1850 and 1870 in Bavaria.
1 kg bread = 6 Kreuzer
1 pc cheese = 4 Kreuzer
1 cow = 10 Gulden
A day labourer had an income of 30 Kreuzer per day.
A craft master had an income of 40 Kreuzer per day and also food and 1 liter wine per day
By the way, the old brasilian currencies, the Cruzeiro and Cruzado, also were named after the Kreuzer.
And last not least?.. just take a look at Scrooge McDuck ( in german Dagobert Duck )
He loves to take a bath in Taler and Kreuzer )Linkback:
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